Native to the Finger Lakes Region
A 2-5" tall ephemeral with white flowers and delicate foliage.
Light: shade to part sun
Moisture and Soil: moist, rich soil
Seed Treatment and Storage: give warm/moist then cold/moist stratification
Squirrel corn flowers are pollinated by queen bumble bees (Bombus spp.) foraging for nectar. "Robber bees" also feed on the nectar by perforating the spurs. Seeds are dispersed by ants. Herbivores avoid the foliage.
Climate change sensitivity
Over the period from 1986 to 2015, Dicentra canadensis bloomed an average of 3.4 days later.
Like its relative dutchman's breeches (Dicentra cucullaria), all parts of squirrel corn are poisonous to cats, cattle, and humans because the plant synthesises isoquinoline, a type of neurotoxic alkaloid.
This spring flower's underground tubers look like little kernels of yellow corn. Pollinators often make holes in the spurred flower to get the nectar more easily.