Native to the Finger Lakes Region
Moist thickets and ravines. Prefers gravely soils, part sun to full shade. Often a forest understory tree. May suffer disease problems.
Collect seeds early because of competition with wildlife. Remove pulp, store warm- moist, then cold-moist stratify for 60- 90 days. Sow at 70 degrees.
Open branching small tree with creamy-white flowers and dark blue-purple fruits, which are an important food source for wildlife.