Allium sativum Amaryllidaceae
Long-lived polycarpic perennial
Not Known in the Wild
Savored as a food and seasoning since antiquity, the bulbs were also used medicinally by ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. Aromatic bulbs flavor cuisines throughout the world.
Source of plant
Cornell Botanic Gardens, Agway , Glenn Bucien
Stems 25-100 cm tall; bulbs 3-6 cm in diameter, ovoid, containing 5-18 bulblets, often termed cloves, tunic papery. Leaves 60cm long, 3cm wide, 6-12 per bulb, linear, flat above, keeled below, sheathing the lower part of the stem. Flowers cup-shaped, few, the buds often abortive; umbels 2.5-5cm in diamater, containing many bulbils; tepals usually white to pink, tinged with green, occasionally purple, stamens included.
USDA Hardiness Zone