Southern Europe and Asia Minor
The dried, powdered roots are the source of Turkey red dye, popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries for dying cotton textiles such as ginghams, paisley shawls, table cloths as well as Persian carpets.
Source of plant
Jardin Botanique de Montreal, Sandy Mush Herb Nursery
To 4', erect or decumbent; leaves in whorls of 4 to 6, lanceolate, to 4" long, prickly on midribs and edges;flowers greenish-yellow in branching cymes, fruit red, turning black.
USDA Hardiness Zone
other ethnobotanical uses