Eastern N. America
Dry to moist, but not wet. Adaptable to different soil types.
Store seeds dry.
Cold-moist stratify for 60-90days. Germinate at 70 degrees.
Respiratory ailments and colds are eased with tea or steam made with the flowers and leaves. The fragrant leaves have been used by some Native Americans as a seasoning for meat.
The plants smell like bergamot, a small citrus from southern Europe used to flavor Earl Grey tea, hence the name wild bergamot.
Important to insects as a nectar plant.
Climate change sensitivity
Over the period from 1986 to 2015, Monarda fistulosa bloomed an average of 16.5 days earlier.
Source of plant
Johnny's Selected Seeds, Prairie Nursery, Midwest Wildflowers
Perennial reaching 4' in height, sometimes pubescent above; leaves ovate-lanceolate to broadly ovate, to 4" long, acute to acuminate, weakly serrate to nearly entire, generally pubescent, petioles over 1/4" long; flowers usually solitary, terminal, headlike verticillasters; calyx to 3/8" long, hirsute in the throat, teeth bristly; corolla to 1 1/4" long, bright lavender, pubescent outside; summer blooming.
USDA Hardiness Zone