Native to the Finger Lakes Region, E. North America
Dry, part-to-full shade. Typically an understory plant in oak woods.
Remove perigynia and cold-moist stratify for 60-90 days with day-night temperature fluctuation.
Source of plant
North Creek Nurseries, Gary's Perennials, LLC, North Creek Nurseries, Bluebird Nursery Inc.
Stems (1-)2-5cm, tufted in small to large, basally fibrilose clumps and also with long rhizomes; leaves 1-3mm wide, shorter than the stems in tall plants; staminate spike terminal, 1-2.5cm; pistillate spikes 1-3, sessile or short-pedunculate and loosly ascending, borne fairly close to each other and to the staminate spike, but not closely crowded, typically short-oblong, up to about 1.5cm; lowest bract 1-3cm, +/-leafy, surpassed by the staminate spike; pistillate scales castaneous to stramineous, longer or shorter than the perigynia; perigynia 2.6-4.5mm, short-hairy, 2-keeled and with several evident to obscure facial nerves, the body subglobose above the contracted base, abruptly prolonged into the sharply bidentate beak 0.2-1mm; achene rounded-triogonous.
USDA Hardiness Zone