Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum Sapindaceae

Other names

Hard Maple, Rock Maple

Growth habit



Long-lived polycarpic perennial

Native distribution

Native to the Finger Lakes Region, North America, E of Rockies


Mundy Wildflower Garden, Cornell Class of 1938 Native Maple Slope, Bald Hill and Caroline Pinnacles, Coy Glen, Edwards Lake Cliffs Preserve, Fischer Old-growth Forest, McDaniel Meadow, Woods, and Swamp, McLean Bogs, Eames Bog, Purvis Road Natural Area, Ringwood Ponds, South Hill Swamp, Tarr-Young Preserve

Source of plant

Sunshine Nursery, Robert Mower


Tree to 40m; crown rounded; bark furrowed, grey. Branches glabrous, brown-gray. Leaves to 14cm wide, cordate at base, dull green above, pale grey-green beneath, vein axils pubescent beneath, 3-5 lobed, lobes acuminate, coarsely serrate, chartaceous; petioles not lactiferous. Corymbs appearing before leaves, subsessile, clustered; flowers green-yellow, apetalous, campanulate; pedicels pendent to 6cm, pubescent; disc extrastaminal; calyx connate. Fruit glabrous, wings held near parallel, to 4cm.

USDA Hardiness Zone


Special characteristics

fall color, food, sap